The appearance is that of a dog of medium size, with
a body that is square. Compactly built, muscular and powerful, for
great endurance and speed. Elegant in appearance, of proud carriage,
reflecting great nobility and temperament. Energetic, watchful,
determined, alert, fearless, loyal and obedient.
Size, Proportion, Substance
Height at the withers: Dogs 26 to 28 inches, ideal
about 27½ inches; Bitches 24 to 26 inches, ideal about 25½ inches.
The height, measured vertically from the ground to the highest point
of the withers, equalling the length measured horizontally from the
forechest to the rear projection of the upper thigh. Length of head,
neck and legs in proportion to length and depth of body.
Long and dry, resembling a blunt wedge in both
frontal and profile views. When seen from the front, the head widens
gradually toward the base of the ears in a practically unbroken
line. Eyes almond shaped, moderately deep set, with vigorous,
energetic expression. Iris, of uniform color, ranging from medium to
darkest brown in black dogs; in reds, blues, and fawns the color of
the iris blends with that of the markings, the darkest shade being
preferable in every case. Ears normally cropped and carried erect.
The upper attachment of the ear, when held erect, is on a level with
the top of the skull.
Top of skull flat, turning with slight stop to
bridge of muzzle, with muzzle line extending parallel to top line of
skull. Cheeks flat and muscular. Nose solid black on black dogs,
dark brown on red ones, dark gray on blue ones, dark tan on fawns.
Lips lying close to jaws. Jaws full and powerful, well filled under
Teeth strongly developed and white. Lower incisors
upright and touching inside of upper incisors a true scissors bite.
42 correctly placed teeth, 22 in the lower, 20 in the upper jaw.
Distemper teeth shall not be penalized. Disqualifying Faults:
Overshot more than 3/16 of an inch. Undershot more than 1/8 of an
inch. Four or more missing teeth.
Neck, Topline, Body
Neck proudly carried, well muscled and dry. Well
arched, with nape of neck widening gradually toward body. Length of
neck proportioned to body and head. Withers pronounced and forming
the highest point of the body. Back short, firm, of sufficient width,
and muscular at the loins, extending in a straight line from withers
to the slightly rounded croup.
Chest broad with forechest well defined. Ribs well
sprung from the spine, but flattened in lower end to permit elbow
clearance. Brisket reaching deep to the elbow. Belly well tucked up,
extending in a curved line from the brisket. Loins wide and muscled.
Hips broad and in proportion to body, breadth of hips being
approximately equal to breadth of body at rib cage and shoulders.
Tail docked at approximately second joint, appears
to be a continuation of the spine, and is carried only slightly
above the horizontal when the dog is alert.
Shoulder Blade sloping forward and downward at a
45-degree angle to the ground meets the upper arm at an angle of 90
degrees. Length of shoulder blade and upper arm are equal. Height
from elbow to withers approximately equals height from ground to
elbow. Legs seen from front and side, perfectly straight and
parallel to each other from elbow to pastern; muscled and sinewy,
with heavy bone. In normal pose and when gaiting, the elbows lie
close to the brisket. Pasterns firm and almost perpendicular to the
ground. Dewclaws may be removed. Feet well arched, compact, and
catlike, turning neither in nor out.
The angulation of the hindquarters balances that of
the forequarters. Hip Bone falls away from spinal column at an angle
of about 30 degrees, producing a slightly rounded, well filled-out
croup. Upper Shanks at right angles to the hip bones, are long, wide,
and well muscled on both sides of thigh, with clearly defined
stifles. Upper and lower shanks are of equal length. While the dog
is at rest, hock to heel is perpendicular to the ground. Viewed from
the rear, the legs are straight, parallel to each other, and wide
enough apart to fit in with a properly built body. Dewclaws, if any,
are generally removed. Cat feet as on front legs, turning neither in
Smooth-haired, short, hard, thick and close lying.
Invisible gray undercoat on neck permissible.
color and markings
Allowed Colors: Black, red, blue, and fawn (Isabella).
Markings: Rust, sharply defined, appearing above each eye and on
muzzle, throat and forechest, on all legs and feet, and below tail.
White patch on chest, not exceeding 1/2 square inch, permissible.
Disqualifying Fault: Dogs not of an allowed color.
Free, balanced, and vigorous, with good reach in the
forequarters and good driving power in the hindquarters. When
trotting, there is strong rear-action drive. Each rear leg moves in
line with the foreleg on the same side. Rear and front legs are
thrown neither in nor out. Back remains strong and firm. When moving
at a fast trot, a properly built dog will single-track.
Energetic, watchful, determined, alert, fearless,
loyal and obedient. The judge shall dismiss from the ring any shy or
Shyness: A dog shall be judged fundamentally shy if,
refusing to stand for examination, it shrinks away from the judge;
if it fears an approach from the rear; if it shies at sudden and
unusual noises to a marked degree.
Viciousness: A dog that attacks or attempts to
attack either the judge or its handler, is definitely vicious. An
aggressive or belligerent attitude towards other dogs shall not be
The foregoing description is that of the ideal
Doberman Pinscher. Any deviation from the above described dog must
be penalized to the extent of the deviation.
Overshot more than 3/16 of an inch, undershot more
than 1/8 of an inch. Four or more missing teeth. Dogs not of an